The Ampio system uses a CAN bus for the modules to communicate. A suitable cable for sending information via the CAN bus is a CAT5 (or higher) twisted-pair cable. Two of the cable pairs will be used - one to transmit the CAN digital signal, and another one to supply power to 12V modules. The other 2 pairs are normally left unused. They can, however, be connected in parallel to 12V power supply when there are too many modules in one line (3 wires connected to 12V and 3 to GND), which will reduce voltage drops. It must be born in mind that loop resistance of wires in the twisted-pair cable on a one-kilometre stretch is usually around 190 Ohm.
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Below are a couple of important guidelines in terms of connecting the Ampio modules:
When preparing the wiring, you should lead the bus cable to each module or touch panel installed in an appropriate junction box. For regular wall switches you can lead any two-core cable to each of the junction box housing a switch, a separate cable leading from each box (one cable per box) to the distribution board. With the use of this cable, you can connect the switches to digital inputs of modules installed in the distribution board. An example of such a connection is presented in the figure below.
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Another method of connecting wall switches, which makes better use the dispersed nature of the Ampio system and simplifies the wiring process, is leading only the bus cable to each of the switches and using the (M-IN-2p) or (M-INOC-4p) modules, or any other module installed in a junction box that has bistate inputs to which switches can be connected. Additionally, lead the bus cable, or a shielded cable from the temperature sensors to the nearest junction box with a touch panel or a module that has an input for the temperature sensor. The majority of junction box modules and touch panels have a 1-Wire connector, which can accommodate up to 6 temperature sensors.
Temperature sensors must be placed 120-150 cm above the floor, preferably in the middle of the room that is not exposed to sunlight (temperature sensors should also not be installed above touch panels as the panel’s heat may distort the temperature reading). We have a special casing for temperature sensors that is made of a small metal sheet that is fixed to the wall, and phased lacobel glass fixed to the sheet with strong neodymium magnets (M-SENS’s casing alone may be purchased). The casing can also accommodate other miniature sensors e.g., a humidity sensor, or an air-quality sensor with an analogue output.
A cable for a 1-Wire temperature sensors should be at least a 2-core cable, and of the lowest capacitance possible. If it is a UTP cable (twisted-pair cable), then the 1-Wire signal should be transmitted by two separate UTP pairs. The sensor must not be connected on one twisted pair. Also, you must not use an alarm cable for this purpose due to the cable’s high capacitance. A basic 2-core supply cable is also a good choice, e.g. OMY, due to its thick isolation and related to it low capacitance. The maximum recommended length of a cable for one temperature sensor is 20m.
The CAN bus should be lead to each junction box with a touch panel and:
The Ampio system is a system with a structure of dispersed logic. It makes the system reliable thanks to the fact that in the event of a potential server, or any other module’s malfunction, only the circuit for which the damaged module is responsible is affected, not the entire system. However, there is one thing in dispersed/distributed systems that may stop the entire installation, namely bus power supply failure. Therefore, you have to make sure that this does not happen.
Each smart bus-based system should be powered by at least two power supplies working in parallel. One of the power supplies should be a buffer PSU (with emergency voltage control). What we suggest, is using modules from the Ampio offer that support the bus power supply redundancy with advanced voltage analysis and overvoltage and overload protection (M-RDN-5s, M-SERV-s). It should be borne in mind that the Ampio system is supplied by 12V. Each of the above-mentioned PSUs should be fed from an independent phase, an independent overcurrent circuit breaker and an independent differential switch, so that the failure of any of these elements does not disturb the installation’s operation. The output voltage of both PCUs should be fed into the bus through a redundancy module - a module that controls both voltages and in case of a failure of any of the power supplies, it allows the functioning power feeder to work, informing the system, at the same time, about the failure with the use of a transmitter contact.